Most trumpeters know the difference between the keyed trumpet and the keyed bugle, but many outside The Family don’t know. As I’m working on new performing editions of the Haydn and Hummel trumpet concerti with historical commentary for Carl Fischer Music (forthcoming later this year), I came across some fine resources on YouTube concerning the keyed trumpet and the keyed bugle that I wanted to share.
The keyed trumpet was invented by the Austrian trumpeter Anton Weidinger in 1793 and the keyed bugle was patented by Joseph Haliday in 1810. Haydn and Hummel wrote their concerti for Weidinger and his keyed trumpet, but the instrument had a short lifespan and was soon eclipsed by valved brass instruments, especially the cornet. The keyed bugle, on the other hand, was embraced by many soloists and played a seminal role in the formation of early wind bands and brass bands.
To better understand the differences, here are some good resources from YouTube. Click on the underlined links below to view the videos on YouTube: David Guerrier’s performance of the Haydn concerto on keyed trumpet and Ralph Dudgeon’s excellent demonstration of the keyed bugle. Also, be sure to check out Dudgeon’s definitive book on the keyed bugle and Reine Dahlqvist’s booklet on the keyed trumpet. Most recently, Bryan Proksch has published two fascinating articles in the 2014 and 2015 issues of the Historic Brass Society Journal concerning Weidinger, the keyed trumpet, and his relationship with Haydn.